The effects of the war between Russia and Ukraine are changing the way the market for the most valuable resources is managed, especially in Europe. After all, with Russia as the main exporter of products such as gas, its influence over other nations has kept it in a privileged position for decades.

However, this could change soon. Far from being manipulated by Russia and its energy monopoly, several European countries are aiming to create alternatives that help Europe regain stability. One of the nations most focused on this is Germany.


From the outset, the foundations are barely laid, but the project could bring impressive results; a corridor that crosses the Baltic and Nordic seas to connect Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Germany with a new source of energy: hydrogen.


After the start of the war between Ukraine and Russia, Europe had to start taking measures to avoid one crisis after another. As these two nations are suppliers of raw materials and essential products, the proposals did not take long to make themselves heard in the European Parliament.


With a view to addressing the energy crisis and framed within the RePowerUE 2030 Plan, the ambitious project hopes to be able to generate up to 10 million tons of hydrogen as a stable source of energy, ultimately replacing gas from Russia.

The signatory companies within the project are:

  • OTHERS, from Germany.
  • GAZ-SYSTEM, from Poland.
  • Amber Grid, from Lithuania.
  • Conexus Baltic Grid, from Latvia.
  • Elering, from Estonia.
  • Gasgrid Finland, from Finland.



The infrastructure is expected to begin in Finland in 2023, and extend through the Baltic Sea nations and Poland, before ending in Germany. Thanks to this project, the European Union could not only begin to consolidate a safe and stable source of energy youporno. But, in addition, it will be able to progressively get rid of the use of fossil resources and direct European energy on a more ecological path.

Let us remember, after all, that replacing the gas with hydrogen would have a major impact on the environment: we are talking about a considerable and very significant reduction in greenhouse gases. It is proposed that this energy could be used in all areas, from transport to domestic heating.



One of the biggest challenges for this corridor, in addition to providing enough to supply 6 nations, will be finding a space in the market that is strong enough to displace Russian gas.

Furthermore, the project is still in preliminary development and does not have a clearly defined roadmap. It is estimated that in the next year 2023 the partners that will be part of the project will begin to carry out feasibility studies.

However, there is no doubt that, if it comes to fruition, it could mean a new opportunity for other corridors that connect longer stretches, such as North Africa and Southern Europe.





In the midst of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, with all the geopolitical consequences it represents, Europe has shown that it is more united than ever with the establishment of the European Political Community. However, there are many questions surrounding this body and what its functions will be.

The European Political Community (EPC) was inaugurated on 6 October in Prague, where the 27 leaders of the EU members and 17 other countries, including the United Kingdom, Turkey, Ukraine, the Western Balkans, Armenia and Azerbaijan, met.


This new bloc was devised by French President Emmanuel Macron with the intention of promoting participation and political dialogue between the nations of the old continent, as well as increasing security and stability in these uncertain times. If you want to know more about this project and what exactly its functions will be, read on.



In May of this year before the European Parliament, Macron announced his intention to create an organisation that would include not only the EU-27, but also other nations that are not yet part of the EU, such as Moldova or Ukraine, or that do not want to join (Turkey) or that left (United Kingdom) but whose support is essential for European stability xnxx.

The SPC is basically a forum in which these countries will meet to discuss different issues related to security, migration, security, peace and climate. The European Council stated that this new body cannot replace the policies of the current EU, and that it respects the autonomy of the bloc of 27. This means that it does not have a binding character.


There are organisations with similar objectives, such as the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) or the Strasbourg European Council, which are binding. Thus, experts interpret the EPC as more aimed at sending a message of unity towards Russia and Belarus, and accentuating their isolation.


Macron’s proposal can also be seen as another step in his plan to become Europe’s leader and take the political reins of the continent, just as Angela Merkel once was. However, this is not the first time that France has put forward a similar idea, as in 1989, François Mitterrand tried to create the European Confederation, which was unsuccessful.



However, whether Macron hopes to succeed with this new initiative will depend on what agreements these countries, which of course each have their own agenda, will be able to reach. As mentioned above, the most important issues are the energy crisis and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.



Although the continent has been forced to look for alternative sources of energy to Russian natural gas, including rationing and saving measures, Europe faces an energy crisis in 2023, which also adds to the economic and political crisis.

Of course, European security, in the context of war, is another pressing issue. In this context, relations between the EU and the UK, as well as Turkey’s requirements, or rather demands, regarding Finland and Sweden’s entry into NATO are other issues to be discussed.




Assessment of Dutch support for the human rights projects

An evaluation was carried out to determine the success of the human rights policy goals in the relations of Dutch with other countries through the financing of the human rights project. Human rights projects introduced in Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Palestine, and Kazakhstan were examined by going to these countries and through indoor studies. The key aim of the project was to evaluate the contribution made by funding human rights projects towards the execution of the 2007 Human Rights Strategy in terms of Dutch foreign policy.

The review was aimed at evaluating the consistency of projects with the Human Rights Strategy, 2007; the reasons for the financially aiding in the project; the relationship with priority themes such as human rights defenders; the right of women, LGBTQ, freedom from expression and of torture. The evaluation also considered the alignment of the project with the political efforts made by the Dutch concerning the project to enhance the protection of human rights.

Also, the efficiency of the project was considered, along with both its short-term and long-term results. Furthermore, the factors which may contribute to the success of the project were examined porno.

Desk studies were done by the Human European Consultancy, as well as the valuations for Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Palestine, and Kazakhstan; while the evaluation of the mission and project in Nigeria was carried out by the Policy and Operations Evaluation Department of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Human European Consultancy team came up with the in-depth terms of reference before the commencement of the missions. They also developed a comprehensive evaluation of the project. The assessment reports were put with the country reports and major contributions to the writing were also made from the leader of the Human European Consultancy project.

The missions to the countries were reported and their reports were put with the working documents for the Policy and Operations Evaluation Department, however, they are not accessible to the public.

It was discovered that the project has, in important ways, supported in realizing the goals of the Dutch Human Rights Strategy 2007. There were definite results that were realized which aided the safeguard of individuals involved in the protection of human rights. There was also significant regard for women and the LGBT community. There were equally fewer restrictions in expression and there was more freedom from brutality and torture.

The Netherlands has been seen to play major roles in issues concerning human rights. A relationship has been found to exist between the measure of assistance to human rights projects and the political struggles aimed at protecting these rights. In many cases, the efforts made politically affect the efficiency of the projects.

The issues which needed improvements are the sustainability of the projects and the technical value of the proposals.

Development cooperation between ECOWAS and the Netherlands

There are steps towards increased development cooperation between the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Kingdom of The Netherlands to get the most out of the existing affectionate relations for the advantage of the people of West Africa. On 9 June 2019, a meeting was held in Abuja, Nigeria to study areas of cooperation in matters relating to peace and security, agriculture, food security, regional trade, and so on.

Madam Finda Koroma, the ECOWAS Commission’s Vice President in dialogue with Ms. Sigrid Kaag, the Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and International Cooperation, emphasised that a friendly, secure environment is needed for sustainable development.

According to her, ECOWAS is committed to partnering with The Netherlands to ensure co-prosperity and the achievement of peace, security and the stability of ECOWAS Member States. She also emphasised the important role that stakeholders like faith-based organisations and civil societies play in building solid partnerships to help resolve the complications arising from the engagement of the ecosystem Africans.

While giving an update on the economic and the political situation in some states, the Vice President stated that there was the need for a concerted effort in all fields and that raising a platform on nutrition needs a coordinated method to mediation.

Minister Kaag also echoed that the “prevention agenda” is necessary for ensuring the cooperation of peace and porno.

Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation of the Dutch government, Sigrid Kaag’s policy document ‘Investing in Perspective’ was presented on 18 May 2018. The presentation covers the reaction of the government to opportunities and how it tackles international challenges for the wellbeing of the Netherlands.

There are some vital changes in the Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation policy which include the following:
– Prioritisation of the place of girls and women.
– Change in the focus of development cooperation in favour of the unsteady regions in West Africa.
– Strengthening of international climate action.
– Setting up of Invest-NL, Trade & Innovate-NL and International Business to improve services to Dutch entrepreneurs and companies.
– Prioritising of start-ups and small medium enterprises within economic diplomacy.
– Increased responsibility to knowledge institutions and other private sectors to confront societal challenges.
– Utilisation of digitisation opportunities for sustainable growth.

The referenced areas mentioned are being handled in different grades within the DUPC programme and will continue that way, for instance, the development of new Graduate Professional Degree Programmes (GPDPs), the Water Accounting+ project, the Water Scarcity in the Middle East projects, Water Diplomacy and the new Water Peace Security Initiative.

Five main goals of Dutch foreign policy

Strengthening international governance
The objective of international governance is to create a peaceful, safe, prosperous and just world with a sustainable environment. The key to successful international governance is ensuring an effective international legal order, largely by strengthening the international organisations whose role is to maintain it. This is also the reason why the Netherlands is the host country to the International Criminal Court.

Like international environmental policy, financial and economic policy is an important aspect of international governance. Without balanced financial and economic governance, there can be no international justice or solidarity. The need for financial and economic governance flows from the growing interdependence of national economies, both regionally and globally.

The Netherlands regards human rights as fundamental to the international legal order, so human rights policy is an abiding concern of foreign and development policy.

Promoting international peace, security and stability
Dutch security policy has two main goals: the security of Dutch and allied territory and the promotion of international peace, security and stability.

Many countries are embroiled in violent conflict. A country in conflict cannot make serious headway in reducing poverty. On the other hand, poverty is often a breeding ground for conflict. So conflict management is vital to Dutch security policy. Recovery in conflict-ridden countries and regions requires peacebuilding as well as emergency aid and infrastructural and economic reconstruction.

The Netherlands will provide assistance wherever populations are under threat, whether from natural disasters or human actions. The only proviso is that the countries affected officially request assistance from the international community. Assistance of this kind is called humanitarian assistance.

Promoting European cooperation
After the Second World War, the countries of Europe resolved never to fight each other again. They sought to ensure peace via economic interdependence. In 1951, the European Coal and Steel Community was established, followed in 1957 by the European Economic Community (EEC). These were the first two institutional manifestations of European cooperation The European Union (EU) came into being with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. On 1 May 2004, the European Union welcomed ten new member states, bringing the total membership to 25.

Reducing poverty sustainably
In 2000, the international community pledged to halve worldwide poverty by 2015. With this in mind, it set itself eight ambitious Millennium Development Goals. The Dutch minister responsible for development cooperation, Agnes van Ardenne, is striving to ensure that the Netherlands works towards these goals as efficiently and productively as possible. To this end, she is supporting public-private partnerships with civil society organisations, enterprises and educational institutions in rich and poor countries.

Maintaining and strengthening bilateral relations
To promote their national political and economic interests, countries have to maintain and strengthen bilateral, state-to-state relations. To do so, they need a network of missions.

The Netherlands is also using bilateral contacts to strengthen its international ties in the realm of education and to promote a sustainable global environment. Dutch international cultural policy aims to strengthen the Netherlands’ international cultural profile and to deepen its cultural ties with certain countries and regions.

Employers helping employers

Minister for Development Cooperation Agnes van Ardenne and several Dutch employers’ organisations have taken the initiative for a new public-private partnership which seeks to strengthen the position of employers’ organisations in developing countries. As of 1 January 2006, the Dutch Employer Partnership Programme (NWSP) will give Dutch employers’ organisations a chance to share their knowledge and professional expertise with their counterparts in the Netherlands’ 36 partner countries. Read the press release. Balkenende and Bot to attend Euromed.

Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende and foreign minister Bernard Bot will attend the summit of heads of state and government in Barcelona to be held on 27 and 28 November to mark the tenth anniversary of the Barcelona Process (Euromed). The 25 EU member states and 10 Mediterranean partners are signed up to this cooperative process, which seeks to strengthen ties between the EU and its Mediterranean neighbours. The coming summit will be the first meeting of the heads of state and government of the countries involved in this process. You can find more information on the Euromed website.

On 24 November the new German foreign minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, will attend a working dinner with his counterpart Bernard Bot. After France, the Netherlands is the second country the new minister will visit. During the meeting they will discuss such issues as the bilateral relations between the Netherlands and Germany and cooperation in the European Union.Dutch police and military personnel to be deployed in Sudan.

The government decided today to reinforce the UN peacekeeping mission in southern Sudan (UNMIS) by deploying 35 Dutch police officers and military personnel. The Netherlands has been involved in mediation to promote peace and the implementation of the peace agreement in Sudan for many years. Besides helping to establish peace and security the Netherlands is also involved in social and economic reconstruction.